About early prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK. It is usually diagnosed in men over 65. Prostate cancer can happen in younger men, but it is uncommon in men under 50.

Early prostate cancer is when the cancer cells are only inside the prostate. The cancer has not spread through the capsule that surrounds the prostate. Early prostate cancer is sometimes called localised prostate cancer. We call it early prostate cancer in this information.

Sometimes prostate cancer grows slowly. It may not cause any problems and not all cancers will need to be treated. Other prostate cancers grow faster and need to be treated to stop them spreading.

Back to Understanding early prostate cancer

The prostate

The prostate gland produces semen. It is situated close to the tube, which is called the urethra. Urine and semen leave the body through the urethra.

What is cancer?

There are more than 200 different kinds of cancer, each with its own name and treatment.