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Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer

Prostate cancer often grows slowly. Symptoms may not develop for many years. Men with early prostate cancer may not have any symptoms, as these only happen when the cancer is large enough to press on the urethra. The prostate can also become enlarged due to a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is non-cancerous.

The symptoms of benign (non-cancerous) enlargement of the prostate and prostate cancer are similar. They can include:

  • difficulty peeing – for example, a weak flow or having to strain to start peeing
  • needing to pee more often than usual, especially at night
  • feeling like you have not completely emptied your bladder after peeing
  • an urgent need to pee
  • blood in the pee or semen
  • rarely, pain when peeing or ejaculating.

If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to have them checked by your doctor.

I had most symptoms of prostate cancer – difficulty peeing, getting up during the night, bursting to go and then not being able to go. So, my GP tested my PSA.


Back to Understanding early prostate cancer

The prostate

The prostate gland produces semen. It is situated close to the tube, which is called the urethra. Urine and semen leave the body through the urethra.

What is cancer?

There are more than 200 different kinds of cancer, each with its own name and treatment.