Head and neck cancers include cancers of the mouth and the throat, as well as rarer cancers of the nose, sinuses, salivary glands and middle ear.
People use the word ‘throat’ to mean different parts of the neck. These include the:
- voicebox (larynx)
- thyroid gland
- food pipe (oesophagus)
- wind pipe (trachea).
When talking about throat cancers, doctors mean the pharynx and larynx. We have more information about cancer of the larynx.
It is important to know what type of head and neck cancer you have to make sure you have the right information. Ask your doctor or specialist nurse if you are unsure. Head and neck cancers do not include cancers affecting the brain.