Ribociclib is a type of targeted therapy drug called a kinase inhibitor (blocker). A kinase is a protein that can help cells in the body grow and divide. Ribociclib blocks the kinase protein. This helps to slow the cancer growing or spreading.
You take ribociclib with a hormonal therapy drug. Ribociclib works with the hormonal therapy drug to slow the cancer growing and spreading.
During treatment, you usually see a cancer doctor, a specialist nurse, or a specialist pharmacist. This is who we mean when we mention doctor, nurse or pharmacist in this information.
Your doctor will talk to you about this treatment and its possible side effects before you agree (consent) to have treatment.
Ribociclib is used to treat people who have oestrogen receptor positive and HER 2 negative breast cancer.
It may be used if the cancer has:
- spread to the tissues and lymph nodes close to the breast (locally advanced), and surgery is not possible
- spread from the breast to other parts of the body (metastatic).
Taking ribociclib tablets
You take ribociclib tablets once a day for 21 days. You then have a break of 7 days when you do not take any ribociclib. After this, you start taking it again in the same way. You carry on taking it in this way for as long as it is working for you.
Take the tablets at the same time each day with or without food. Swallow the tablets whole with a large glass of water. Do not crush or dissolve tablets. If you find it difficult to swallow your tablets, speak to your doctor or pharmacist.
Always take your ribociclib and hormonal therapy drug exactly as your nurse or pharmacist explains. This is important to make sure they work as well as possible for you.
Never take a double dose of ribociclib. If you are sick after taking the tablets or if you forget to take them, do not take another dose. Take the next dose at the usual time.
There are some other important things to remember when taking your tablets:
- Do not eat grapefruit or pomegranate or drink their juice.
- Keep the tablets in the original package and at room temperature.
- Keep the tablets safe and out of the reach of children.
- Return any remaining tablets to the pharmacist if your treatment is stopped.
You will have your blood checked regularly during treatment. A nurse or a person trained to take blood (phlebotomist) will take a blood sample from you. This is to check that your blood cells are at a safe level for you to have treatment. Your doctor will tell you when your blood will be checked.
We explain the most common side effects of this treatment here. You may get some of the side effects we mention, but you are unlikely to get all of them.
You take this treatment with a hormonal therapy drug which can cause side effects not listed here. It is best to read this information with our information about the hormonal therapy drug you are having. Always tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist about any side effects you have.
Your doctor can give you drugs to help control some side effects. It is important to take them exactly as your nurse or pharmacist explains. This means they will be more likely to work for you. Your nurse will give you advice about managing your side effects. After your treatment is over, most side effects start to improve.
Serious and life-threatening side effects
Some cancer treatments can cause severe side effects. Rarely, these may be life-threatening. Your cancer doctor or nurse can explain the risk of these side effects to you.
Contact the hospital
Your nurse will give you telephone numbers for the hospital. If you feel unwell or need advice, you can call them at any time of the day or night. Save these numbers in your phone or keep them somewhere safe.
We cannot list every side effect for this treatment. There are some rare side effects that are not listed. You can visit the electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC) to download a Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) for these drugs. The leaflet lists all known side effects.
Risk of infection
This treatment can reduce the number of white blood cells in your blood. These cells fight infection.
If the number of white blood cells is low, you are more likely to get an infection. A low white blood cell count is called neutropenia.
If you have an infection, it is important to treat it as soon as possible. Contact the hospital straight away on the 24-hour contact number you have if:
- your temperature goes over 37.5°C (99.5°F)
- you suddenly feel unwell, even with a normal temperature
- you have symptoms of an infection.
Symptoms of an infection include:
- feeling shivery
- a sore throat
- a cough
- needing to pass urine often.
It is important to follow any specific advice your cancer treatment team gives you.
The number of white blood cells will usually return to normal before your next treatment. You will have a blood test before having more treatment. If your white blood cell count is low, your doctor may delay your treatment for a short time.
Anaemia (low number of red blood cells)
This treatment can reduce the number of red blood cells in your blood. These cells carry oxygen around the body. If the number of red blood cells is low, you may be tired and breathless. Tell your doctor or nurse if you feel like this. If you are very anaemic, you may need a drip to give you extra red blood cells. This is called a blood transfusion.
Feeling tired is a common side effect. It is often worse towards the end of treatment and for some weeks after it has finished. Try to pace yourself and plan your day so you have time to rest. Gentle exercise, like short walks, can give you more energy. If you feel sleepy, do not drive or operate machinery.
Your doctor can prescribe anti-sickness (anti-emetic) drugs to help prevent or control sickness. If you still feel sick, tell your doctor. They can prescribe other anti-sickness drugs that may work better for you.
This treatment may cause diarrhoea. Diarrhoea means passing more stools (poo) than is usual for you, or having watery or loose stools. If you have a stoma, it will be more active than usual.
If you have diarrhoea:
- try to drink at least 2 litres (31/2 pints) of fluids each day
- avoid alcohol, caffeine, milk products, high-fat foods and high-fibre foods
- contact the hospital for advice.
This treatment can cause constipation. Here are some tips that may help:
- Drink at least 2 litres (3½ pints) of fluids each day.
- Eat high-fibre foods, such as fruit, vegetables and wholemeal bread.
- Do regular gentle exercise, like going for short walks.
If you have constipation, contact the hospital for advice. Your doctor can give you drugs called laxatives to help.
Changes in taste or loss of appetite
You may lose your appetite or notice taste changes when taking ribociclib. You can ask to see a dietitian or specialist nurse at your hospital if this does not improve. They can give you advice on improving your appetite and coping with taste changes.
Indigestion or tummy pain
This treatment may cause headaches. If this happens, tell your doctor or nurse. They can give you painkillers.
Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
Some people have back pain while having treatment with ribociclib. Your doctor will prescribe painkillers if this is a problem for you. Tell your doctor if these do not work. They can give you a different painkiller to try.
Your hair may get thinner but you are unlikely to lose all the hair from your head. Talk to your nurse if you are worried about this.
Effects on the heart
This treatment can affect the way the heart works. You may have tests to see how well your heart is working. These may be done before, during, and sometimes after treatment.
Contact a doctor straight away if you:
- have pain or tightness in your chest
- feel breathless or dizzy
- feel your heart is beating too fast or too slowly.
- notice any changes to your heart rhythm.
Other conditions can cause these symptoms, but it is important to get them checked by a doctor straight away.
Bruising and bleeding
This treatment can reduce the number of platelets in your blood. Platelets are cells that help the blood to clot.
Tell your doctor if you have any bruising or bleeding that you cannot explain. This includes:
- bleeding gums
- tiny red or purple spots on the skin that may look like a rash.
Some people may need a drip to give them extra platelets. This is called a platelet transfusion.
Changes in the way the liver and kidneys work
Ribociclib may affect how your liver and kidneys work. It is important to tell your doctor before you start treatment if you have any liver or kidney conditions.
You will have blood tests to check how well your liver and kidneys are working. If you have changes to your liver, your doctor may change the dose of treatment.
Breathlessness and a cough
You may feel more out of breath than normal or develop a cough. Let your doctor know if you notice this.
You may get a sore mouth or mouth ulcers. This can make you more likely to get a mouth infection.
Use a soft toothbrush to clean your teeth or dentures in the morning, at night and after meals.
If your mouth is sore:
- tell your nurse or doctor – they can give you a mouthwash or medicines to help
- try to drink plenty of fluids
- avoid alcohol, tobacco, and foods that irritate your mouth.
Fluid build-up (oedema)
This treatment may cause fluid to build-up in your legs and arms. This can cause swelling (oedema). Always tell your doctor if you feel breathless or notice any swelling in your legs or arms. A build-up of fluid may be treated with drugs that make you pee more often (diuretics).
Ribociclib may affect your eyes. You may notice they are dry or watery. Speak to your doctor if this is a problem. They may be able to give you something to help. Contact your doctor if you have blurry vision or vision changes.
Blood clot risk
Cancer and some cancer treatments can increase the risk of a blood clot. Symptoms of a blood clot include:
- pain, redness or swelling in a leg or arm
- chest pain.
If you have any of these symptoms, contact a doctor straight away.
A blood clot is serious, but can be treated with drugs that thin the blood. Your doctor or nurse can give you more information.
Some medicines can affect your treatment or be harmful when you are having it. This includes medicines you can buy in a shop or chemist. Tell your cancer doctor about any drugs you are taking, including vitamins, herbal drugs and complementary therapies.
Ribociclib tablets contain soya lecithin. If you are allergic to soya or peanuts, do not take this medication. Talk to your doctor about this.
Your doctor will advise you not to get pregnant or make someone pregnant while having this treatment. The drugs may harm a developing baby. It is important to use contraception during your treatment.
Women are advised not to breastfeed while having this treatment. This is because the drugs could be passed to the baby through breast milk.
Medical and dental treatment
If you need medical treatment for any reason other than cancer, always tell the doctors and nurses that you are having cancer treatment. Give them the contact details for your cancer doctor so they can ask for advice.
If you think you need dental treatment, talk to your cancer doctor or nurse. Always tell your dentist you are having cancer treatment.