Mesna is a drug that is given with the chemotherapy drug ifosfamide. It is sometimes given with the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide. This page should ideally be read with our information about ifosfamide or cyclophosphamide.
Ifosfamide and cyclophosphamide can irritate the lining of the bladder, causing it to bleed. Mesna helps protect your bladder. Drinking plenty of fluid also helps protect your bladder.
Your chemotherapy nurse usually gives you mesna as a drip (infusion) into a vein at the same time as your chemotherapy. You can also take it by mouth, either as tablets or as a liquid to drink. It is important to take mesna as instructed by your cancer doctor.
Mesna can cause side effects. If these happen they are usually mild, but sometimes can be severe. It is important to read the detailed information below so you know about the possible side effects. Tell your cancer doctor or specialist nurse if you notice any changes.
The drugs ifosfamide and cyclophosphamide can sometimes irritate the lining of the bladder. This can cause bleeding from the bladder, which means you may have blood in your urine (pee). This is called haematuria. Mesna helps protect your bladder to prevent irritation and bleeding.
Mesna is always given with ifosfamide. Most people who have treatment with cyclophosphamide are not given high enough doses to cause bleeding from the bladder, so they do not need mesna. But, if your treatment involves having high doses of cyclophosphamide you are given mesna. Your doctor can tell you if you are having a high dose of cyclophosphamide.
While you are having mesna, your urine is tested for signs of blood. If you have blood in your urine, you will be given extra mesna.
You can help protect your bladder during treatment by:
- drinking plenty of water – usually at least 2 litres (3½ pints) each day
- emptying your bladder (peeing) often during the treatment.
Mesna can be given as:
- a drip (infusion) into a vein at the same time as your chemotherapy
- as a liquid that you drink. You can add the mesna to a soft drink, such as orange juice or cola, to help it taste nicer. It can be kept in a refrigerator for up to 24 hours after mixing. Your doctor, nurse or pharmacist can explain more about this to you
- as a tablet. The tablets can be taken with food or on an empty stomach. If you are given tablets, it is important to take them as exactly as your healthcare professional explains.
We explain the most common side effects of this treatment here. We also include some less common side effects.
You may get some of the side effects we mention, but you are unlikely to get all of them. If you are also having treatment with other cancer drugs, you may have some side effects that we have not listed here. Always tell your doctor, nurse or pharmacist about any side effects you have.
Your doctor can give you drugs to help control some side effects. It is important to take them exactly as your nurse or pharmacist explains. This means they will be more likely to work for you. Your nurse will give you advice about managing your side effects. After your treatment is over, most side effects start to improve.
It is often difficult to know which side effects may be caused by mesna and which ones may be caused by the chemotherapy. Always tell your doctor or nurse about the side effects you have.
Contact the hospital
Your nurse will give you telephone numbers for the hospital. If you feel unwell or need advice, you can call them at any time of the day or night. Save these numbers in your phone or keep them somewhere safe.
Serious and life-threatening side effects
Some cancer treatments can cause severe side effects. Rarely, these may be life-threatening. Your cancer doctor or nurse can explain the risk of these side effects to you.
We cannot list every side effect for this treatment. There are some rare side effects that are not listed. You can visit the electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC) for more detailed information.
Rarely, mesna may cause an allergic reaction. Your nurse will check you for this. If you have a reaction, they will treat it quickly. Allergic reactions are most common with the first few doses. A reaction is usually mild. Rarely, it can be more severe.
Signs of an allergic reaction can include:
- faster heartbeat
- swelling in your face
- skin reactions
- pain in your back, tummy or chest
- a rash or bruising on your skin
- flu-like symptoms such as a headache, feeling flushed, having a fever, chills or dizziness.
Tell your nurse straight away if you notice any of these symptoms. If you develop any of these symptoms or feel unwell when you are at home, contact the hospital straight away on the number you have been given. They can give you advice.
Feeling or being sick
Your doctor can prescribe anti-sickness drugs to help prevent or reduce sickness. If you are sick after taking mesna by mouth, contact the hospital for advice. It is important you do not miss a dose of mesna so that your bladder lining is protected.
Changes to your taste
You may get a bitter or metal taste in your mouth. Sucking sugar-free sweets may help with this. Some foods may taste different or have no taste. Try different foods to find out what tastes best to you. Taste changes usually get better after treatment finishes. Your nurse can give you more advice.
This treatment may cause headaches. If this happens, tell your doctor or nurse. They can give you painkillers.
You may get pain or discomfort in your tummy (abdomen), feel bloated or have indigestion or wind. Your doctor can give you drugs to help improve these symptoms. Tell them if the pain does not improve or if it gets worse.
This treatment may cause diarrhoea. Diarrhoea means passing more stools (poo) than is usual for you, or having watery or loose stools. If you have a stoma, it will be more active than usual.
If you have diarrhoea:
- try to drink at least 2 litres (31/2 pints) of fluids each day
- avoid alcohol, caffeine, milk products, high-fat foods and high-fibre foods
- contact the hospital for advice.
Feeling tired is a common side effect. It is often worse towards the end of treatment and for some weeks after it has finished. Try to pace yourself and plan your day so you have time to rest. Gentle exercise, like short walks, can give you more energy. If you feel sleepy, do not drive or operate machinery.
Limb and joint pain
You may get pain in your joints or limbs for a few days after treatment. Tell your doctor if this happens so they can give you painkillers. Let them know if the pain does not get better. Try to get plenty of rest. Taking regular warm baths may help.
Chemotherapy may affect your skin. Your doctor or nurse can tell you what to expect. If your skin feels dry, try using an unperfumed moisturising cream. You may get a rash, which may be itchy.
Always tell your doctor or nurse about any skin changes. They can give you advice and may give you creams or medicines to help. Any changes to your skin are usually temporary and improve when treatment finishes.
Mood and behaviour changes
Occasionally, mesna can affect your mood. You may feel irritable and have mood swings. Tell your doctor or nurse if you have any of these side effects. They may make some changes to your treatment if the side effects become a problem.
Medical and dental treatment
If you need medical treatment for any reason other than cancer, always tell the doctors and nurses that you are having cancer treatment. Give them the contact details for your cancer doctor so they can ask for advice.
If you think you need dental treatment, talk to your cancer doctor or nurse. Always tell your dentist you are having cancer treatment.
Some medicines can be harmful to take when you are having cancer treatment.
Tell your doctor about any drugs you are taking, including vitamins, herbal drugs and complementary therapies. This includes medicines and supplements you can buy in a shop or chemist.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant, or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
Women are also advised not to breastfeed when taking this treatment. This is because the medicine may be passed to the baby through the breast milk.