Surgery to remove the prostate is called a radical prostatectomy. Before the operation, the surgeon (a urologist) will explain what will happen and tell you about the possible side effects. They may also tell you about other treatments that may help in your situation, such as radiotherapy.
The aim of the surgery is to remove all of the cancer cells. It is usually only done when the cancer is contained in the prostate and has not spread to the surrounding area.
There are different types of radical prostatectomy (see below).