The womb

The womb (uterus) is a pear-shaped organ where a baby is carried during pregnancy.

The womb (uterus) is a pear-shaped organ where a baby is carried during pregnancy.

It is low in the pelvis (the area between the hips) and is supported by the pelvic floor muscles.

The womb is made up of 3 layers:

  • an outer protective layer
  • a middle muscular layer, called the myometrium
  • an inner layer, called the lining of the womb or endometrium.

The ovaries are on either side of the womb. They make eggs and the hormone oestrogen. The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the womb.

The lower part of the womb connects to the top of the vagina. This is called the cervix or the neck of the womb. Cancers that start in the cervix behave differently and are treated differently from womb cancer

Female reproductive system
Image: Female reproductive system