The spasms may be helped with:
- pelvic floor exercises
- a toilet routine
- sitting on the toilet in the correct posture
- taking soluble fibre to bulk up the stool or a fibre supplement such as Normacol®
- low doses of certain anti-depressant drugs.
Sometimes constipation or infection can cause tenesmus. It is also sometimes caused by a non-cancerous growth (a polyp) in the bowel, or by a cancer in the bowel.