Types of thyroid cancer

There are different types of thyroid cancer. We have information about the most common type, the papillary thyroid cancer, as well as rarer types.

Papillary thyroid cancer

This is the most common type of thyroid cancer. It is usually slow-growing. Papillary thyroid cancer is more common in younger people and in women.

Follicular thyroid cancer

This is a less common type of thyroid cancer. It is mostly found in middle-aged people.

Together papillary and follicular thyroid cancer are sometimes called differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). About 9 in 10 thyroid cancers (90%) are DTC. They are often treated in the same way. Most people with DTC are cured.

Medullary thyroid cancer

Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a rare type of thyroid cancer that can sometimes run in families.

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a very rare type of thyroid cancer that is fast-growing.

Thyroid lymphoma

This type of thyroid cancer starts in the lymph tissue of the thyroid. The lymph tissue is part of the body’s lymphatic system. Most thyroid lymphomas are a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).