People who have cirrhosis have a higher risk of getting HCC. Cirrhosis is scarring all over the liver. It damages the liver and stops it working properly.
The risk factors for cirrhosis include:
Drinking too much alcohol over a long period of time can cause cirrhosis. We have more information about alcohol and drinking guidelines.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
This is when fat builds up in the liver and causes damage to the liver.
- Hepatitis B or C
Long-term infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C can cause cirrhosis.
This is an inherited condition that causes iron levels to build up in the body. When it is diagnosed and treated early, it does not usually cause problems.
- Primary biliary cirrhosis (also called primary biliary cholangiopathy)
This is when the body’s immune system, which normally fights infection, slowly destroys the small bile ducts in the liver.
Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that occur together.
- high blood pressure
- high blood sugar
- high levels of unhealthy fats (triglycerides) in the blood
- extra fat around the tummy area (abdomen).
People with metabolic syndrome have a higher risk of developing HCC.
A poison called aflatoxin, found in mouldy peanuts and grains, is a major risk for HCC in parts of Africa and Asia.