What is the liver?

The liver is the biggest organ in the body. It is in the upper part of the tummy (abdomen) on the right-hand side, under the lower ribs. It is surrounded by a strong fibrous capsule. It is divided into two lobes. 

The liver and surrounding organs

What the liver does

The liver:

  • stores sugars and fats, so they can be used for energy
  • makes different proteins that help the blood to clot, which prevents bleeding and maintains fluid balance in the body
  • makes bile, which helps breaks down fats so they can be absorbed by the body
  • breaks down harmful substances, so they cannot harm other parts of the body.

The liver is good at repairing itself. It can work well even when only a small part of it is working normally.

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