The womb

The womb (uterus) is a muscular, pear-shaped organ where a baby is carried during pregnancy. It is low in the pelvis (the area between the hips) and is supported by the pelvic floor muscles.

Female bladder and ovaries
Female bladder and ovaries

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The ovaries, where eggs are produced, are on either side of the womb. The fallopian tubes connect the womb to the ovaries. The lining of the womb is called the endometrium and the lower part of the womb is called the cervix.

The cervix is at the top of the vagina and is sometimes called the neck of the womb. Cancers that start in the cervix behave differently and are treated differently from womb cancer. We have more information about cervical cancer.

Back to Understanding womb cancer

The womb and womb cancer

The womb (uterus) is a pear-shaped organ where a baby is carried during pregnancy. The most common type of womb cancer is endometrial cancer.

What is cancer?

Cancer develops when the normal workings of a cell go wrong and the cell becomes abnormal.

Symptoms of womb cancer

Find information about the symptoms of womb cancer and when you should go and see your GP.

Cancer and cell types

Cancers are grouped into types. Types of cancer often behave and respond to treatments in different ways.

Why do cancers come back?

Sometimes, tiny cancer cells are left behind after cancer treatment. These can divide to form a new tumour.