Your surgeon will talk with you about the most suitable type of surgery. A gynaecological nurse specialist will also give you information and support before and after your operation. It is important to ask them any questions you have and talk about any worries you have about the surgery.
The aim of surgery is to remove all the cancer affecting the vulva. The surgeon will remove the area of skin where the cancer is, and a border (margin) of healthy tissue all around it. In the same operation, the surgeon will also take samples (biopsies) from the lymph nodes from one or both sides of the groin.
Women who have larger tumours may need more surgery to reconstruct the vulva (see below).
Some operations may change how your vulva looks and feels, which can affect your sex life. This can be difficult to deal with. Your team will explain any possible changes and give you support to help you cope.