Surgery is the main treatment for stage 1 cervical cancer. It is also sometimes used to treat small stage 2A cancers.
There are different types of operation to remove cervical cancer. These are:
- cone biopsy
The type of operation you have will depend on several factors, including:
- the stage of the cancer
- the size of the cancer
- whether you have gone through the menopause
- whether you wish to have children in future.
Whatever type of operation you have, the aim is to remove all of the cancer. The surgeon will remove the cancer and a margin of healthy tissue around it. Depending on the type of operation you have, they may also remove other tissue. After the operation, the surgeon will send all the tissue to a laboratory to be looked at under a microscope.
You may need further treatment to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back if cancer cells are found in:
- tiny blood vessels or lymph vessels inside the tumour
- lymph nodes
- tissue around the tumour.
Your surgeon will usually discuss these results with you at your first follow-up appointment after the operation.