What is shielding?

In the UK we are all being asked to follow the government’s social distancing guidelines. This means avoiding contact with people as much as possible.   

People are also being asked to self-isolate (stay at home) if they or someone they live with has symptoms of coronavirus. 

Some people are more at risk of becoming seriously unwell if they get coronavirus (COVID-19). These people are being asked to follow ‘shielding’ measures.

Doctors sometimes call this being ‘at highest clinical risk’ or being ‘extremely vulnerable’. At the start of the pandemic the government asked people in this group to stay at home at all times and avoid all face to face contact as much as possible, for at least 12 weeks.  

In this video, Clive and Della talk about their experiences of shielding and how they're coping. 

The guidance varies depending on which country of the UK you live in. The information on this page is about shielding guidance for people living in England and Northern Ireland. The guidance about shielding is different for people living in Scotland and Wales.

Changes to shielding guidance in England and Northern Ireland

The UK government has changed its advice people who are shielding. This is because the level of coronavirus infection has been going down which means there is less chance of people catching it.  The changes in guidance apply to people living in England and Northern Ireland and:

Since 6 July:

  • You can spend time outdoors in a group of up to six people. This includes people outside of your own household.  You still need to maintain social distancing – keeping 2 metres apart - when you spend time with others. 
  • You no longer need to maintain social distancing with members of your household.
  • If you live alone, or are a single parent with a child under 18 you can form a ‘support bubble’ with one other household. Everyone in the support bubble can spend time together in each other’s homes, including overnight, without needing to maintain social distancing. You can only form a support bubble with one other person or family and this needs to remain the same. You cannot change who you ‘bubble’ with. And if anyone develops symptoms of coronavirus everyone in the support bubble should stay at home (self-isolate). 

From August 1 the UK government is pausing shielding for people in England or Northern Ireland. However, it will keep checking the levels of the virus in the community and if it looks like infections are increasing then shielding guidance may change again. 

From August 1:

  • You should still stay at home as much as possible. But you can go out, for example to visit shops or to places of worship. However, you still need to maintain social distancing and follow good hand washing hygiene. 
  • If you have been unable to work from home, you can now return to work, as long as your workplace is COVID secure. You need to be able to maintain social distancing in your workplace. Talk to your employer about whether this is possible and what it might mean for you. You can also speak to our work support team on 0808 808 00 00. 
    It is important to remember that this is guidance and it is up to you how you choose to follow it. You may welcome the relaxation of shielding and look forward to being able to get out more and return to work. But you may also be worried about what this means for you and your risk of catching the virus. If you are unsure what the new guidance means for you, you can talk it over with someone from your healthcare team. Or call our support line on 0808 808 0000. 

These changes apply to people in England and Northern Ireland. There is separate guidance for people in Wales and Scotland.

Local restrictions

The government can now identify areas where there are outbreaks of coronavirus infection. To prevent the spread of the virus local authorities in England can re-introduce measures to control the spread in a particular area. For example, closing shops or schools that had re-opened, restricting gatherings of people from different households and banning overnight stays between households. These are sometimes called ‘local lockdowns’. Local lockdowns will be regularly reviewed, and restrictions lifted when rates of infection come down. You can visit gov.uk for more information about this.

Who is considered extremely vulnerable?

For people with cancer, this includes:

  • people having chemotherapy
  • people having immunotherapy or other continuing antibody treatments for cancer
  • people having other targeted cancer treatments which can affect the immune system, such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors
  • people having intensive (radical) radiotherapy for lung cancer
  • people who have had a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in the last six months, or who are still taking immunosuppression drugs
  • people with cancers of the blood or bone marrow such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma who are at any stage of treatment.

Non-cancer conditions that are considered vulnerable include people with severe respiratory illnesses like asthma, cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

For detail on other conditions that are considered vulnerable visit the GOV.UK website

How will I know if I am extremely vulnerable?

If you are in the group of people who are at risk of being seriously ill if you get coronavirus (COVID-19), the NHS will contact you directly. This will be by letter or by text message.

The letter or text will tell you what you should do to keep yourself and others safe. There is also information about the support available for people who are shielding.

If you have been contacted and you have any questions or concerns about your situation or what shielding might mean for you, you can contact your GP or hospital team.

I think I am at highest clinical risk, but I have not received a letter

Most people that are in the highest clinical risk group have already received a letter by post. But hospital doctors and GPs are still identifying some people that should be in this group.

If you are worried you should have received a letter and you have not been contacted, you should speak to your healthcare team.

I have received a letter to say I am at highest clinical risk, but I think this is incorrect

If you have any questions about the letter you have received, you should speak to your GP or healthcare team. In the meantime, we suggest you follow the guidance on shielding unless you are told otherwise by a healthcare professional. 

I have been told that I am not at highest clinical risk, but I still want to be in the shielding group. What should I do?

If you still wish to follow shielding guidance, this is a personal decision.

However, shielding can be challenging to cope with for a long period of time, so it is only being recommended for people who are extremely vulnerable. And the NHS can only provide a food and medicine delivery service to people in the extremely vulnerable group.

The NHS suggests that people who are not in the shielding group but who are in the ‘broader vulnerable group’ follow strict social distancing measures instead. This group of people includes people who are:

  • over 70
  • under 70 with an underlying health condition (for adults this usually means anyone advised to get a flu jab each year on medical grounds)
  • seriously overweight (a BMI of 40 or above)
  • pregnant.

I have received a letter to say that I am at highest risk and have to shield. What happens if I become very unwell with COVID-19?

 If you become ill with coronavirus or any other illness, please contact your GP or hospital team. If you are admitted to hospital, your doctors will discuss a  plan of care with you. This plan is based on how unwell you are, the type of cancer you have, the treatment you have had in the past and the aim of treatment now. Your doctors will consider what is important to you and how treatment may affect you. Being in the shielding group will not stop you from having any treatment that your doctors feel is necessary. 

What does shielding involve?

If you are in this group of people you should strictly follow the shielding guidance outlined in the letter you received from the NHS:

  • Strictly avoid contact with someone who is showing symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19). These symptoms include high temperature and/or a new and continuous cough and/or a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste.
  • Do not leave your house unless it is for exercise. If you have a medical appointment in this time, contact your hospital team before your appointment to see if you need to attend the hospital or if there are other arrangements.
  • Do not attend any gatherings. This includes meeting with friends and families in private spaces for example family homes, weddings and religious services.
  • Do not go out for shopping, leisure or travel. When arranging food or medication deliveries, these should be left at the door to minimise contact.
  • Keep in touch using the phone, internet and social media.
  • Use the telephone or internet to contact your GP or other essential services.

You can read more  about the UK government’s advice about shielding for people in England. Or you can see guidance for people living in ScotlandWales and Northern Ireland.

If you have received a letter advising you to follow shielding guidelines, you should register with the government’s website if advised to do so..

This will help you get support with things like getting food or medicines delivered. Even if you do not need any support with daily tasks, please register with this website as it shows that you have received your letter. If you have not received a letter but think that you should have, you can register yourself. 

In this video, Anna talks about her experience of shielding and finding helpful ways to cope.

If you are shielding and have signs of an infection

If you have cancer or are having a treatment that affects your immune system and you experience any signs of infection including COVID-19 symptoms, you should get urgent medical advice.

You should contact:

  • the chemotherapy care line
  • the Acute Oncology Service at your treating hospital
  • or whatever number you were given by your team in the event of an urgent query.

I live with other people. Do I need to stay away from them?

If you live with other people, you still need to try and stay away from them as much as possible. Try to:

  • Reduce the time spent in shared spaces like the kitchen, bathroom and sitting areas
  • Keep shared spaces well aired
  • Aim to keep 2 metres (3 steps) away from others and encourage them to sleep in a different bed if possible
  • Use a separate bathroom from the rest of the household. If this is not possible, clean the bathroom after every use
  • Avoid using the kitchen when other people are there, take meals to your room if possible and make sure all kitchenware is thoroughly cleaned.

Spending time outdoors

England and Northern Ireland

Until July 6th, if you live with other people you can spend time outdoors with them once a day. If you live alone, you can meet one other person from another household outdoors once a day. This should be the same person each time.

From July 6 you can spend time outdoors in a group of up to 6 people. This includes people outside of your household. Take care to maintain social distancing. 

From August 1 shielding guidance changes and you will be advised to follow the same guidance as the rest of the population when outdoors. This involves following social distancing measures and good hand washing hygiene.   


You can go outdoors for unlimited exercise. You can meet with up to 7 people from another household once a day. This guidance is set to continue till July 31. 


You can go outside for unlimited exercise. You can meet people from  another household once a day. The guidance in Wales is that shielding should continue until August 16.  

What support is available to people who are shielding?

Many people who are shielding (staying at home and avoiding all face to face contact) will have family and friends who can help. For example, people who can do shopping and collect medicines and deliver these to the front door of the person who is shielding.

But some people will not have anyone to support them. Local councils are working with the voluntary sector and other organisations to support people during this time. Your local council’s website will have information and advice about support in your area.

If you are shielding you should register with the government’s website. This will help you get support such as food packages, medicine deliveries and other care you might need.

Even if you feel you don’t need this kind of support it is important to register as it shows that you have received your letter.

In England you can also call 0808 196 3646 if you are shielding and you need help collecting shopping, medication or other essential supplies. This is a direct line to the NHS volunteer responders scheme. Lines are open 8am-8pm.

The government has said that it will continue to make sure there is support for people who need it for as long as they are advised to follow shielding guidance. This includes essential food and household supplies, medicines and social support.

Will the guidance changes affect support?

The government has said that it will continue to make sure there is support for people who need it for as long as they are advised to follow shielding guidance. This includes essential food and household supplies, medicines and social support. This support will continue until July 31. 

From August 1 shielding guidance changes for people in England and Northern Ireland. They will no longer be advised to shield and the support offer from the government will end. If you have not already registered, you will need to register for food support by July 17th to get supplies for the remainder of July. You will still be able to get priority delivery slots at supermarkets after July. The NHS volunteer responder scheme  will also still be available. 

If you need urgent help and have no other support, contact your local authority for advice. You can use this search tool

Can I stop shielding if my condition improves?

You can discuss this with your GP or hospital specialist. Doctors have been given guidance on reviewing people who are shielding and whether they need to continue. They will always take into account your individual situation and will include you in any decisions that are made.

I am shielding, should my child go to school?

The advice to parents who are shielding is that other people in their household do not need to shield alongside them. So, your child can go back to their nursery, school or college.

I cannot work from home. Should I return to work if I am still shielding?

The Government expects employers to support any employees who are shielding to follow the guidance. This means your employer should support you to work from home as far as possible.  

If you cannot work from home, you should discuss this with your employer.  There may be different options that mean you can continue to work. For example taking on a different role. 

Some employers may be able to offer different types of leave. Your employer can furlough you under the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme . If your employer does not put you on furlough, you may be entitled to receive Statutory Sick Pay. If you are self-employed, you may be able to access the Self-Employed Income Support package.

From August 1 in England and Northern Ireland people who are unable to work from home can return to work if their workplace is ‘COVID safe’. There is guidance from the government about working safely during coronavirus. You should talk to your employer if you are worried about going back to your workplace. You can also speak to our work support team on 0808 808 00 00 (Monday to Friday, 8am – 6pm).

How will I know if I need to start shielding again?

If you need to start shielding again the government will contact you if you are in the ‘clinically extremely vulnerable’ group. So, you will receive a letter or a text that will tell you what you need to do.

Looking after your mental well-being

Shielding can have an impact on your mental health. You might be feeling anxious, isolated and lonely and find that your mood goes up and down. This is perfectly understandable. It is really important to take care of your mental well-being as well as your physical well-being.

Create a routine

Creating a daily routine can help you feel more in control. Try sticking to your regular daily routine. Waking up at your regular time, getting ready for the day, and going to bed at the same time as you usually would can help bring some normality to your day.

Keep in touch

Keeping in touch with people can help you feel less isolated even if you can’t be in the same room. Use the phone and social media to help you keep in touch. There are video conferencing sites that you can use so you can see people.

Stay active and eat healthily

Eating regularly and healthily ad staying active really helps our mood and energy levels. We know it’s not easy when you’re at home and getting certain food is more difficult.

We have detailed information about eating healthy and staying active while you’re isolating at home.

Take up a new hobby

It’s really important to keep yourself occupied. As well as your favourite hobbies, you might want to take up something new. Cooking, reading, online learning, puzzles, knitting, drawing, there are lots of things you could do from home.

Get help

Ask for support if you need it. Speak to your friends and family over the phone or on social media. You can also call the Macmillan Support Line or reach out to people on our Online Community.

There are also some great sources of support and information online that can help:

The Government also has guidance on looking after your mental health.

I am considered extremely vulnerable, but I don’t want to shield. Do I have to?

The shielding guidance will make a big difference to how you will live your life for this period of time. Some people may feel that they do not want to follow the guidance. For example, if you have been advised that you only have a limited time to live, you may not want to follow the strict shielding guidance.  

It is your choice whether you follow it or not. The NHS is asking that you discuss your situation with your healthcare team before you make a decision about what to do.

If, after discussing it with your healthcare team, you still decide not to follow the shielding guidance, it is important that you still follow the Government’s guidance for social distancing.

Am I entitled to statutory sick pay while I am shielding?

The government has set up measures to support people who are not able to work during the current situation.

We have information about financial help and coronavirus.

Macmillan Telephone Buddies

Going through cancer can be an isolating experience at any time, and especially when social distancing. Our free Telephone Buddy service is here for you. We'll match you with someone who understands what you're going through, and they'll give you a weekly call.

More information and registration

How we are supporting people with cancer

How we are helping

Coronavirus is having a huge impact on people living with cancer. From introducing new support services, delivered over the phone or online, to our nurses being redeployed to the areas of greatest need within the NHS, we are doing all we can to meet the growing demand on our services.

  • To keep everyone safe, we have stopped all our face-to-face volunteering. But if you need someone to talk to, you can sign up for our new Telephone Buddies service.
  • We can't run our Mobile Information and Support buses at the moment, so we've created a virtual version. You can now email our Mobile Information and Support staff. They can provide information about local services and support.
  • You can now make a virtual appointment with our No7 Boots Macmillan Beauty Advisors. They can give make-up and skincare advice to help you manage visible side effects of cancer treatment.
  • To help you stay fit and healthy during the coronavirus crisis, we've launched SafeFit. This is a free remote service that connects you with a cancer exercise specialist.

How you can help

Cancer nurses need urgent support

We need to be there for people living with cancer. But we can't do it alone. Your support has never mattered more. Find out more about how we're supporting people during the coronavirus outbreak, and how you can help us be there.

Read more about how we are supporting people with cancer

How we can help

Macmillan Cancer Support Line
The Macmillan Support Line offers confidential support to people living with cancer and their loved ones. If you need to talk, we'll listen.
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Online Community
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What's going on near you? Find out about support groups, where to get information and how to get involved with Macmillan where you live.