The treatment you have is based on:
- the type of cancer you have
- its stage and grade
- where it is
- your general health
- your personal preferences.
Most borderline tumours are found at an early stage and can often be cured with surgery. No further treatment is needed and the tumour rarely comes back.
Sometimes, cells from these tumours spread and attach to nearby areas, such as the peritoneum. These are called non-invasive implants. They do not usually cause problems and often do not need to be treated. Instead, the doctor may monitor them at regular check-ups.
Rarely, borderline tumours spread and behave more like a low-grade cancer. Again, this may not need more treatment. Areas of spread may develop so slowly that you have no symptoms. But sometimes chemotherapy is used.
The ovarian cancer charity Ovacome has more detailed information about borderline ovarian tumours.
These stages of cancer are usually treated with surgery and chemotherapy, or with chemotherapy on its own. Treatment may cure the cancer or keep it under control for as long as possible. Your cancer doctor or nurse will explain what to expect.
Surgery is used to remove as much of the cancer as possible. After this, you have chemotherapy to:
- treat cancer cells that cannot be seen during surgery – they can only be seen under a microscope
- shrink any cancer that could not be removed during the operation.
Some people also have chemotherapy before surgery. This helps shrink the cancer so that the operation is easier to do and more likely to be effective.
Chemotherapy may be the main treatment if it is not possible to remove the cancer or if you are not well enough for surgery. The aim is to shrink the cancer, help to control it and relieve symptoms.
If the cancer is very advanced, some people may decide to stop treatment or not to have treatment. Your cancer doctor and nurse will support you and help you control any symptoms. This is known as supportive or palliative care. You may see a specialist palliative care doctor or nurse for expert help with your symptoms.
We have more information about coping with advanced cancer.