Causes and risk factors

Potential causes of cancer

We don't know exactly what causes many cancers. But there are things that can increase your risk of getting cancer. Find out what to look out for and the changes you could make to reduce your risk.

  • Cervical cancer

    Risk factors and causes of cervical cancer

    The main cause of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer is the human papilloma virus (HPV). There are other, less common, risk factors.

  • Cervical cancer

    Reducing the risk of cervical cancer

    HPV vaccines and cervical screening can help to reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.

  • General information

    Human papilloma virus (HPV)

    Human papilloma virus (or HPV) is a common infection. Some types of HPV can increase the risk of developing cancer.

  • General information

    HPV vaccines

    There are two vaccines currently available across the UK to prevent human papilloma virus (HPV).