There are many types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Your doctor needs to know which type you have so that they can give you the best treatment.
Lymphomas develop from abnormal lymphocytes. There are two main types of lymphocyte: B-cell lymphocytes and T-cell lymphocytes.
If a lymphoma developed from abnormal B-cell lymphocytes, it is called a B-cell lymphoma. If it developed from abnormal T-cell lymphocytes, it is called a T-cell lymphoma.
B-cell lymphomas are more common than T-cell lymphomas. About 9 out of 10 people diagnosed with NHL (90%) have a B-cell lymphoma.
The most common types of B-cell lymphoma are:
Other less common types include:
- extra-nodal marginal zone lymphoma (also called MALT lymphoma)
- mantle cell lymphoma
- Burkitt lymphoma
- primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma
- nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
- splenic marginal zone lymphoma
- small lymphocytic lymphoma
- lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (also called Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinaemia).
T-cell lymphomas are much less common than B-cell lymphomas. There are a number of different types of T-cell lymphoma. They include: