This benefit is for people under retirement age who cannot work because of illness or disability.
There are two types of Employment and Support Allowance (ESA):
- Contribution-based ESA may be available if you have paid enough National Insurance.
- Income-related ESA may be available if your income and savings are low. Income-related ESA is gradually being replaced by Universal Credit. You may need to apply for that instead, depending on where you live.
If you are already claiming Severe Disablement Allowance or Incapacity Benefit, you may be gradually moved on to ESA. If you get one of these older benefits, you could speak to a welfare rights adviser to find out more.