Types of bone cancer

There are different types of primary bone cancer. We have information about these, including osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma.

About different types of bone cancer

Primary bone cancer is a cancer that starts in a bone. It is sometimes called a bone sarcoma. There are different types of primary bone cancer. If the cancer you have is not one that we describe here, contact our cancer support specialists on 0808 808 00 00. They can give you more information about it.

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is one of the most common types of primary bone cancer. It can affect people of any age, but it is most common in teenagers and young adults. About 1 in 10 osteosarcomas (10%) develop in adults in their 60s and 70s.

Chondrosarcoma

Chondrosarcoma is another common type of primary bone cancer. It is usually slow-growing. Chondrosarcoma is most common in people aged over 40. It is rare in people younger than 20. Chondrosarcoma starts in cartilage cells. It can grow inside a bone or on the surface of a bone.

Ewing sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma is a rare type of bone cancer. It more common in teenagers and young adults, but it can affect people of any age.

Chordoma

Chordoma is a rare cancer that starts in the bones of the spine or at the bottom of the skull. It can affect people of any age, but it is more common in people over the age of 40.

Rarer types of bone cancer

There are other much rarer types of primary bone cancer. These include:

  • fibrosarcoma
  • angiosarcoma
  • giant cell tumour
  • adamantinoma.

It can be hard to get information about the rarer types of sarcoma. Your cancer doctor and specialist nurse will give you more information and answer any questions you have. You can also talk to the nurses on the Macmillan Support Line by calling 0808 808 00 00.