What are targeted (biological) therapies?

Targeted therapies (sometimes known as biological therapies) can be used to stimulate the immune system, control the growth of cancer cells or to overcome side effects of treatment.

There are several types of targeted treatment:

There’s more information about each of these treatments in this section. Or, if you know the name of the drug you’re looking for, you can use the alphabetical list to find it.

Back to Targeted (biological) therapies explained

Angiogenesis inhibitors

Angiogenesis inhibitors prevent cancers from making new blood vessels. Without new blood vessels, the cancer cannot grow.

Cancer growth inhibitors

Cancer growth inhibitors block certain chemical signals within cells, which slows down or stops the growth of the cancer.

Monoclonal antibodies

Monoclonal antibodies can attach themselves to cancer cells to prevent them from growing.

Vaccines

Cancer vaccines help the immune system recognise cancer cells and destroy them.