Understanding testicular cancer

Find out more about the testicles and different types of testicular cancer.

  • What is cancer?

    Cancer is a disease of our cells. Sometimes cells go wrong and become abnormal. They keep dividing to make more abnormal cells which form a lump or tumour.

  • The testicles

    The testicles produce sperm and the hormone testosterone. They are the main part of the male reproductive system.

  • The lymphatic system

    The lymphatic system includes lymph nodes (glands). Sometimes, cancer cells spread to lymph nodes near to where the cancer started.

  • What is testicular cancer?

    Testicular cancer is more common in younger to middle-aged men. There are two main types – seminoma and non-seminoma.

  • Symptoms of testicular cancer

    The main symptom is a lump or swelling in the testicle. Some men also have other symptoms.

  • Testicular self-examination

    Regularly checking your testicles from puberty can help find a testicular cancer earlier, when it is easier to treat.

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'Give us a call, we're here to listen.'

Zahida from our support line talks about how giving us a call can help.

More about our support line