It is best to read this information with our general information about lymphoma. If you have any more questions, you can ask your doctor or nurse at the hospital where you are having treatment.
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the body’s immune system. There are two main sub-types of lymphoma:
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. Your immune system helps protect you from infection and disease. If your immune system is damaged by HIV, you are more likely to catch infections and to develop illnesses such as lymphoma.
There is no cure for HIV, but drugs called anti-retrovirals can keep it under control. You take these drugs as tablets every day for life. They may also be called combination therapy or HAART. Your doctor will take regular blood tests to monitor the HIV and check how well treatment is working.
People with HIV don’t always develop lymphoma. But if you have HIV, you have a higher risk of some types of lymphoma. This includes HL and some types of NHL called:
- diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
- Burkitt lymphoma (BL)
- primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL).
All these types of lymphoma also affect people without HIV.