What does the test involve?
The PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test is a blood test that measures the level of PSA in your blood. You can have this test at your GP surgery. You can talk to your GP about the benefits and disadvantages before deciding whether having the PSA test is right for you.
If you decide to have the PSA test, your GP or nurse will take a blood sample and send it to a laboratory to be tested.
If you are having the PSA test, you will usually have a rectal examination as well. This is when the doctor or nurse inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum (back passage) to feel the prostate. It is sometimes called a digital rectal examination. It may be uncomfortable, but it is quick and should not be painful. If there is cancer in the prostate, it can feel different. Normally the prostate feels smooth, but if cancer is present, it can feel hard, rough or bumpy.