About prostate cancer

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. Over 41,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year. It usually affects men over 50 and is rare in younger men.

It differs from most other cancers in the body, in that small areas of cancer within the prostate are very common. It may also stay dormant (inactive) for many years.

Most prostate cancers grow very slowly. But in a small proportion of men, prostate cancer can grow more quickly and in some cases may spread to other parts of the body, particularly the bones.

Early (localised) prostate cancer

Early cancer of the prostate gland (early prostate cancer) is when the cancer is only in the prostate and has not spread into the surrounding tissues or to other parts of the body. It is also called localised prostate cancer.

Back to Understanding early prostate cancer

The prostate gland

The prostate gland produces semen and a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA), needed for ejaculation.

What is cancer?

There are more than 200 different kinds of cancer, each with its own name and treatment.

How is it treated?

There are five main types of cancer treatment. You may receive one, or a combination of treatments, depending on your cancer type.