What does the test involve?
The PSA test is a blood test that measures the level of PSA in your blood. You can have this test at your GP surgery. You can talk to your GP about the benefits and disadvantages before you decide whether having the test is right for you.
If you decide to have the test, your GP or nurse will take a blood sample to send to a laboratory for testing.
Digital rectal examination
You may also have an examination called a digital rectal examination (DRE). This is when the doctor or nurse inserts a gloved finger into your rectum (back passage) to feel the prostate. It may be uncomfortable, but it’s quick and shouldn’t be painful. If there is cancer in the prostate, it can feel different. Normally the prostate feels smooth, but if cancer is present, it can feel hard, rough or bumpy.