Types of head and neck cancer
Head and neck cancers are also described according to the type of cell the cancer started in.
Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC)
The most common type of head and neck cancer is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Most head and neck cancers (about 9 out of 10) start in squamous cells, which are the skin cells lining the mouth, nose and throat.
Rare types of head and neck cancers
Rarely, head and neck cancers can develop from other types of cells:
Lymphomas develop from white blood cells called lymphocytes.
Adenocarcinomas develop from cells that line the glands in the body.
Sarcomas develop from the cells that make up muscles, cartilage, bone or blood vessels.