Types of laryngeal cancer

Most cancers of the larynx are squamous cell carcinomas. This means the cancer starts in the thin, flat cells (squamous cells) that line the larynx. There are some rarer types of laryngeal cancer. These include sarcomas, lymphomas, adenocarcinomas and neuroendocrine carcinomas.

This information covers treatment for squamous cell cancer of the larynx. For information about the rarer types of laryngeal cancer, contact our cancer support specialists on 0808 808 00 00.

Close to the larynx are lymph nodes, also known as lymph glands. Cancer of the larynx can sometimes spread to nearby lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system.

Back to Understanding larynx cancer

What is cancer?

There are more than 200 different kinds of cancer, each with its own name and treatment.

The larynx

Your larynx is in your neck, above your windpipe (trachea). It is also called the voicebox.