Using your own tissue (flap reconstruction)

This type of reconstruction is more complex than implant reconstruction. It involves transferring a flap of skin, fat and sometimes muscle from another part of your body (the donor site) to your chest wall to create a breast shape. The flap is usually taken from either your back or tummy (abdomen).

Flap reconstruction can be used to create a new breast after a mastectomy, or to replace breast tissue that has been taken away during a lumpectomy (wide local excision).

This type of reconstruction may be suitable if you:

  • have had or need radiotherapy as part of your treatment
  • can’t have an implant or tissue expansion because the chest skin and muscle is too tight, or because a lot of skin and muscle has been removed from the breast
  • have large or droopy breasts and don’t want to make your breasts smaller
  • do not want a breast implant.


  • Reconstruction using your own tissue gives a more natural shape and feel to the reconstructed breast.
  • It’s suitable if you have small or large breasts.
  • It can create a breast with a more natural droop.
  • It means you can often avoid the need for an implant.


  • The operation will leave a scar on the part of your body that the tissue flap is taken from, and a patch of skin on the reconstructed breast. Because this patch of skin has come from a different part of your body, it may be a different texture and colour from the breast skin.
  • It involves having surgery to another part of your body as well to remove the skin flap.
  • You will have a longer operation, hospital stay and recovery.
  • Reconstructed breasts have less sensation than the original breast (they may feel numb).

Back to Types of breast reconstruction

Surgery to the other breast

Some women have surgery to the other breast so it matches with the size of the reconstructed breast as much as possible.