If the cancer presses on the airway, it can become narrow. A small tube called a stent can be used to open up the airway to help you breathe more easily. You usually have a stent put in under a general anaesthetic.

The doctor places the stent inside the airway using a bronchoscope. The stent is folded flat when it’s first inserted, and as it comes out of the bronchoscope, it opens up like an umbrella. This pushes the walls of the narrowed airway open. It can stay in your lung permanently.

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Relaxation techniques

You may want to try using relaxation techniques to help you manage your anxiety and reduce breathlessness.

Pleural effusion

A pleural effusion is a build-up of fluid in the lining of the lungs. It can be a symptom of cancer.