Structure of the lungs and pleura - image description

The illustration shows the lungs in the chest. It shows the windpipe (trachea) coming down from the neck into the chest. About halfway down the chest, the windpipe divides into two tubes. One tube goes into the left lung. The other tube goes into the right lung. There are ribs around the outer side of each lung. Underneath the lungs, and going across the width of the body, is a muscle called the diaphragm.

Surrounding each lung is a thin lining (membrane), which has two layers. This is called the pleura. The layer closest to each lung is called the inner pleura. The layer which lines the chest wall is called the outer pleura. There is a small space between the two layers of the pleura. This space is called the pleural cavity.

There are groups of pea-sized lymph nodes in the chest. They are connected to each other by fine tubes. The lymph nodes are close to the windpipe. There are also lymph nodes on each side of the neck and in the shoulder area.