Doctors may not be able to predict exactly how your fertility will be affected. But your planned treatment can help give an idea of your individual risk. Sometimes, it may be possible to reduce the effects of treatment on your fertility.
The main treatments for cancer are chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, hormonal therapy and targeted therapy. These can affect your fertility in different ways. Treatments can:
- stop or slow down sperm production
- cause problems with erections or ejaculation
- affect hormone (testosterone) production.
Cancer and cancer treatment can also change how you feel about sex. It’s not unusual to have difficulties with sex drive and getting an erection during or after cancer treatment. It can be hard to talk about this but your cancer doctor or specialist nurse can give you advice about treatments that might help.
We have more information about coping with sexual difficulties that may be useful.