Medical terms explained

Doctors may use unfamiliar words that you don’t understand. Here are some of the most common ones explained (alphabetically).

A

Alopecia

Anaemia

Anaesthetic

B

Benign

Biopsy

Blood count

Bone marrow

C

Cardio

Catheter

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

Chemotherapy

Chromosome

Congenital

Cytogenetics

E

Electrolytes

Endocrine

Excision

G

Genetic

H

Haematology

Haemoglobin

Histopathology

Hormone

I

Immune system

Immunology

Immunophenotyping

Immunosuppressive

Intravenous (IV)

L

Lymph

Lymphocyte

M

Malignant

Metastases

Microbiology

N

Nausea

Neuro

Neutropenia or neutropenic

Neutrophils

O

Oncology

Opthalmology

Oral

Osteo

P

Paediatric

Palliative

Platelet

Prognosis

Prosthesis

Pulmonary

R

Radiotherapy

Refractory

Relapse

Remission

Renal

S

Stem cell

Subcutaneous

T

Therapy

Thrombocytopaenia

Children's cancer information from CCLG

This information about children’s cancer was written by the Children’s Cancer and Leukaemia Group (CCLG). It has been reviewed and edited by their publications committee, which includes medical experts from all fields of children’s cancer and care.