Melanomas in young people are usually found early and cured. Surgery is the most common treatment for melanoma.
After removing the melanoma, the doctor will measure how thin or thick it is. This is called the Breslow thickness. Knowing this helps the team decide on the best treatment for you. Most melanomas are 1 millimetre or less deep.
You will usually need a second operation to take away some healthy skin and tissue around where the melanoma was. This is called a wide local excision. You will have this done to make sure no melanoma cells are left. Occasionally, enough tissue is removed during the excision biopsy, so you will not need another operation.
Surgery is usually the only treatment needed for melanoma. If there is risk of the melanoma coming back, your specialist will talk to you about having treatment as part of a clinical trial. This is to try to reduce the risk, and is called adjuvant treatment. But it is not standard treatment.
It is rare for melanoma in young people to spread to other parts of the body. If it has spread, other treatments may be used to slow down and control it.