About prostate cancer

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. Over 41,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year. It usually affects men over 50 and is rare in younger men.

It differs from most other cancers in the body, in that small areas of cancer within the prostate are very common. It may also stay dormant (inactive) for many years.

Most prostate cancers grow very slowly. But in a small proportion of men, prostate cancer can grow more quickly and in some cases may spread to other parts of the body, particularly the bones.

Locally advanced prostate cancer

Locally advanced prostate cancer is cancer that has started to spread into the tissues beyond the prostate gland. Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body is called advanced (metastatic) prostate cancer.

Back to Understanding locally-advanced prostate cancer

The prostate gland

The prostate gland produces semen and a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA), needed for ejaculation.

What is cancer?

There are more than 200 different kinds of cancer, each with its own name and treatment.

Cancer and cell types

Cancers are grouped into types. Types of cancer often behave and respond to treatments in different ways.

How is it treated?

There are five main types of cancer treatment. You may receive one, or a combination of treatments, depending on your cancer type.

Why do cancers come back?

Sometimes, tiny cancer cells are left behind after cancer treatment. These can divide to form a new tumour.