What happens after treatment?

If you have surgery or radiotherapy you’ll have regular check-ups after your treatment finishes. These will probably continue for several years and will usually involve regular PSA tests. If you are having ongoing hormonal therapy you will continue to be monitored at regular intervals.

You may be seen regularly by their cancer specialist or you may have a PSA test at your GP surgery. It can be useful to speak to your cancer specialist about how you will be followed up after treatment, and who you can discuss any problems with.

Many men find they get anxious for a while before the appointments. This is natural. It may help to get support from family, friends or one of the organisations from our database during this time.

Occasionally cancer may come back after surgery or radiotherapy. If this happens, further treatment can be given. Your doctor will discuss this with you.

‘I’ve got my head around the cancer and everything now. If something comes back, we’ll cross that bridge when we come to it, and deal with it.’ Peter


Back to Treating

Making treatment decisions

Your doctors may tell you there are different options for your treatment. It can be difficult to make a decision, but information and support will help.


Some men might be offered surgery to treat early prostate cancer.


Radiotherapy for early prostate cancer is usually given from an external machine (external beam radiotherapy).

Hormonal therapies

Hormonal therapy may be given on its own as a treatment for men who aren't fit enough for surgery or radiotherapy.

Clinical trials

Many people are offered a trial as part of treatment. Find out more to help you decide if a trial is right for you.