Causes and risk factors

Genetic testing and counselling

You might be offered the chance to test for some genetic conditions. It's important to understand what might happen and the effect any possible results might have.

  • General information

    Inherited cancers

    If a cancer occurs more often in a family than in the general population, some people in the family may have inherited a cancer susceptibility gene.

  • General information

    Inherited cancers: breast and ovarian cancer

    Some cases of breast cancer are linked to breast cancer genes, which can run in families.

  • General information

    Lynch syndrome

    Lynch syndrome (LS) is a condition that can run in families. It increases the risk of bowel, womb and some other cancers.

  • General information

    Genetic counselling

    A genetic consultation is a discussion with a person trained in genetics. They will advise you on your risk of developing cancer.

  • General information

    Genetic testing

    You will only be offered genetic testing if your family history suggests you may have inherited an identified faulty gene.

  • General information

    Things to consider before having a genetic test

    Before deciding to have a genetic test, think about how you might feel if you do have a gene change that increases your risk of cancer.

  • General information

    Coping with a high risk of cancer

    Knowing you have an increased risk of cancer can be difficult. There are options for managing the risk and getting support.

  • General information

    OPERA tool

    OPERA is an online information tool for people concerned about their inherited risk of breast and/or ovarian cancer.