Making treatment decisions

Your doctors may tell you there are different options for your treatment. Having the right information will help you make the right decision for you.

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Surgery involves removing all or part of the cancer with an operation. It is an important treatment for many cancers.


Chemotherapy uses drugs to treat many different types of cancer. It is most commonly given as an injection into a vein or as tablets or capsules.


Radiotherapy is the use of high-energy rays, usually x-rays and similar rays (such as electrons) to treat cancer.


Chemoradiation is a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It is also sometimes called chemoradiotherapy.

Clinical trials

Many people are offered the chance to take part in a clinical trial as part of their treatment. Doctors also use clinical trials to improve cancer treatment and care.

After treatment

After treatment for rectal cancer you will have regular check-ups.