Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a new benefit for people aged 16–64. It is for people who have difficulty moving around and caring for themselves.
If you are aged 65 or over, you should claim Attendance Allowance instead of PIP.
In England, Scotland and Wales, PIP replaces an older benefit called Disability Living Allowance (DLA). If you are aged 16–64 and making a new claim, you will need to apply for PIP. People who already get DLA will be reassessed for PIP at some point before 2017. In Northern Ireland you can still claim DLA.
Who can claim
To get PIP, you must have difficulties moving around or caring for yourself. You must have had these difficulties for three months before you qualify and expect them to last for at least nine months.
PIP is based on how your condition affects you, not on the condition you have. It has two parts:
- the daily living component
- the mobility component.
You may get one or both parts.
The daily living component is for people who have difficulty with:
- preparing food
- eating and drinking
- taking medicines, having treatments or monitoring a
- health condition
- washing and bathing
- using the toilet or managing incontinence
- dressing and undressing
- speaking with other people
- reading and understanding signs, symbols and words
- engaging with others face to face
- making financial decisions.
The mobility component is for people who have difficulty:
- planning and going on journeys
- moving around.
You can claim PIP whether you are working or not. Receiving it doesn’t reduce other benefits. In some cases your other benefits may actually increase.
PIP claims include an assessment of individual needs by a health professional. Most people will have a face-to-face consultation as part of their claim. You can take a family member or friend with you to the consultation for support if you want.
The assessment looks at how well you can move around and do daily activities. You must also be likely to meet the requirements of this assessment for the majority of the time. When the DWP assesses your claim, it looks at whether you are able to carry out certain activities:
- to an acceptable standard
- within a reasonable period of time.
Awards will also be reviewed regularly based on how likely it is that your condition or disability will change.
How much you’ll get
Each component can be paid weekly at either a standard rate or an enhanced rate, depending on your needs:
|Rate||Weekly daily living component||Weekly mobility component|