Chemoradiation for anal cancer

Chemoradiation is when chemotherapy and radiotherapy are used together. It is the most common treatment for anal cancer.

  • Chemoradiotherapy

    Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer (cytotoxic) drugs to destroy cancer cells. You usually have it by injection into a vein or as tablets.

Back to Treating

Making treatment decisions

Your doctors may tell you there are different options for your treatment. Having the right information will help you make the right decision for you.


Radiotherapy is the use of high-energy rays, usually x-rays and similar rays (such as electrons) to treat cancer.


Chemotherapy uses drugs to treat many different types of cancer. It is most commonly given as an injection into a vein or as tablets or capsules.


Surgery involves removing all or part of the cancer with an operation. It is an important treatment for many cancers.

Clinical trials

Many people are offered a trial as part of treatment. Find out more to help you decide if a trial is right for you.