The thyroid and types of thyroid cancer
The thyroid is a small gland in the front of the neck just below the voice box (larynx). It is made up of two parts, or lobes. It's one of a network of glands throughout the body that make up the endocrine system. This system is responsible for producing the body’s hormones that help to control and influence various functions.
Types of thyroid cancer
There are 4 main types of thyroid cancer:
- Papillary is the most common type of thyroid cancer and is usually slow growing.
- Follicular thyroid cancer is the second most common type. It's also usually slow growing.
- Medullary is a rare type of thyroid cancer which sometimes runs in families.
- Anaplastic is also a rare type of thyroid cancer, which is more common in older people
Young people are mostly affected by the papillary and follicular types.