Breakout session 1: Preventing cancer
It is estimated that half of cancers are preventable. Therefore it is vital that public attitudes and awareness of the risk factors is changed. This session considered how the Cancer Reform Strategy is changing attitudes and mindsets, through awareness and public health, to reduce the number of preventable cancers.
Chris Packham, Director of Public Health, Nottingham PCT
Professor Tim Key, Deputy Director, Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford
Download Chris Packham's presentation [Powerpoint]
Download Tim Key's presentation [Powerpoint]
Diet can play an important role in preventing cancer. However, although we know that the harm of tobacco can be cut out completely, we do not yet know exactly what improvements can be made to the diet to reduce the risk of cancer.
Several questions were asked about the impact on cancer risk of specific food types. The effect on cancer risk of the consumption of dairy products is currently being investigated, although there is some evidence that men with a high dairy intake may have an increased risk of prostate cancer. Consumption of white meat seems to show no increased risk, however red and processed meat do seem to show a link.
There are links between obesity and an increased risk of cancer of the oesophagus, bowel, kidney, breast and uterus.
A 'healthy' diet appears to be one that includes adequate fibre, cereals, and fruit and vegetables, and not too much meat.
Awareness needs to be raised on the prevention of cancer. There needs to be improved targeting of messages. For example, we should increase the use of MOSAIC maps which show where 'at-risk' populations live and target messages to the communities.
Breakout session two: Diagnosing cancer earlier >