Surgery for children's cancers
Surgery is an important part of cancer treatment. Depending on the size and position of the tumour in the body, an operation to remove it may be the first part of treatment.
A biopsy of the tumour is often taken first to make the diagnosis. This involves taking a piece of tissue from the tumour so it can be looked at in the laboratory by the pathologist. They will then identify the type of cancer.
Sometimes, an operation may be dangerous or cause too much damage because of the size and position of the tumour. In this situation, chemotherapy or radiotherapy may be given before the operation to shrink the tumour and make surgery easier.