Types of cervical cancer
There are two main types of cervical cancer.
The most common is called squamous cell carcinoma. This develops from the flat cells that cover the outer surface of the cervix at the top of the vagina.
The other type is called adenocarcinoma. This type develops from the glandular cells that line the cervical canal (the endocervix). As adenocarcinoma starts in the cervical canal, it can be more difficult to detect with cervical screening tests.
There are also other, less common types of cancer of the cervix, known as adenosquamous carcinomas, clear-cell carcinomas and small-cell carcinomas.
Our cancer support specialists can give you more information about these types of cervical cancer.
The tests will show which type of cervical cancer you have. They can also give information about the stage of the cancer and whether there are signs of microscopic cancer cells in the lymph or blood vessels. This information, as well as the physical examination and the results of further tests, will help your doctors decide which type of treatment is best for you.