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The cervix is the lower part of the womb (uterus) and is often called the neck of the womb.
The womb is a muscular, pear-shaped organ at the top of the vagina. The lining of the womb is shed each month, which results in bleeding called a period. If a woman becomes pregnant, her periods stop temporarily, then they’ll normally continue until she goes through the menopause. Close to the cervix is a collection of lymph nodes|.
The position of the cervix in relation to the other female reproductive organs
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This information is about cancer of the cervix (neck of the womb). Cancer of the womb (uterus) is different and we have more in the cancer of the womb|.
The lymphatic system is part of the immune system – the body’s natural defence against infection and disease. It’s made up of organs such as bone marrow, the thymus, the spleen, and lymph nodes. The lymph nodes throughout the body are connected by a network of tiny lymphatic tubes (ducts).
The lymphatic system has two main roles: it helps to protect the body from infection and it drains fluid from the tissues.
The lymphatic system
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The lymphatic nodes
View a large version of the image of the lymphatic nodes|
Content last reviewed: 1 April 2012
Next planned review: 2014
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© Macmillan Cancer Support 2013
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